Low-Cost Transistorised Intercom

Several intercom circuits have appeared in http://www.circuit-lab.com/ using integrated circuits. The circuit described here uses three easily available transistors only. Even a beginner can easily assemble it on a piece of veroboard. The circuit comprises a 3-stage resistor-capacitor coupled amplifier. When ring button S2 is pressed, the amplifier circuit formed around transistors T1 and T2 gets converted into an asymmetrical astable multivib-rator generating ring signals. These ring signals are amplified by transistor T3 to drive the speaker of earpiece. Current consumption of this intercom is 10 to 15mA only. Thus a 9-volt PP3 battery would have a long life, when used in this circuit. For making a two-way intercom, two identical units, as shown in figure, are required to be used.

Low-Cost Transistorised IntercomOutput of one amplifier unit goes to speaker of the other unit, and vice versa. For single-battery operation, join corresponding supply and ground terminals of both the units together. The complete circuit, along with microphone and earpiece etc, can be housed inside the plastic body of a toy cellphone, which is easily available in the market. Suggested cellphone cabinet, with the position of switches, speakers and mike etc is shown.

Low-Cost Transistorised Intercom Circuit Diagram

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